Reports

Access Canadian research reports in HR, education, diversity, immigration, public policy, economic forecasts, and more. Non-partisan research publications in topics that matter to Canadians.

Assessing the Risk: The Occupational Stress Injury Resiliency Tool

How do first responders in Canada experience occupational stress? Together, The Conference Board of Canada and the Public Services Health and Safety Association (PSHSA) created a tool to assess first responders’ occupational stress injury risks. This tool’s development stemmed from PSHSA’s ongoing work to support employees and employers in preventing mental injury

Issue briefing  |  12-min read
December 7, 2021
Focus Area—Health

woman sitting by water
Provincial Economies Shift Gears; Looking to Recover Lost Potential: Provincial Outlook

With the worst of wave four of the pandemic behind us, people and governments can finally start applying more long-term thinking to their plans. Vaccine mandates have generally replaced occupancy limits as the chief set of COVID-control measures, which is allowing larger groups of people to carry on leisure and business activities.

Online experience  |  8-min read
December 6, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Canadian Industries are Writing a New Chapter: Industry Lens

As businesses across Canada embark on a new era, there are plenty of bright prospects across several industries in the Canadian economy. But which sectors will come out ahead?

Online experience  |  2-min read
December 3, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Man in dark
Measuring Digital Trade

The digital economy is growing. Thanks to technological advancements in international trade, businesses and consumers have increasingly turned online for purchases, and the demand for digital services—has gone up. There is widespread agreement that digital trade’s contribution to the Canadian economy is increasing, and that international trade is growing. But classifying and measuring the opportunities and challenges of digital trade is difficult.

Online experience  |  8-min read
December 1, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

 

boy fixing equipment
Saskatchewan’s Forest Sector: Future Skills for an Indigenous-Led Revitalization

The Canadian forest sector is facing a challenge to attract, train, and retain workers. In this boom-and-bust industry, forestry companies must increase efficiency in order to remain competitive when the market is weak while also responding to growing demand for sustainable practices and high-value wood products. Indigenous forestry businesses are no strangers to this dilemma.

Case study  |  25-min read
November 30, 2021
Focus Area—Indigenous & Northern Communities
Client—Future Skills Centre

People crossing the street
Increases in Immigration to Help Offset Effects of Population Aging: Canada’s Outlook to 2045

Once the pandemic loosens its grip on Canada and the world, economic growth will slow down sharply from the plus 4.0 per cent increase forecast for 2022 as the economy returns to some state of normalcy. Growth prospects are comparatively weak because the aging of Canada’s population will lead to a slowdown in labour force growth, which will limit consumer and investment spending.

Online experience  |  8-min read
November 29, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

woman in grocery store
Pandemic’s Lingering Effects Could Hamper Growth: U.S. Outlook to 2045

The U.S. economy has recovered from the devastating effects of the pandemic much faster than anticipated, and we expect to see that sometime in the second half of 2021 the gap between potential and actual growth closed.

Online experience  |  8-min read
November 18, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Man headshot from behind
Seeking Support: The Future of Health Benefits

In today’s labour market, organizations need to offer more than just competitive salaries to recruit, attract, and retain employees. Beyond salary, benefits are the second-most important factor when employees consider different job offers. That is, health benefits have more weight than they used to and most employees believe it is a worker’s right.

Issue briefing  |  16-min read
November 16, 2021
Focus Area—Human resources , Health

 

Two men working in a mine
Skills Development in Northern Mining Regions

For many northern Indigenous communities, mineral exploration properties and active mines are the closest employers. Mining is big business in northern Manitoba. The industry has been a strong source of employment for Indigenous workers, with accessible entry-level positions and opportunities to learn on the job. While the benefits of short-term job training are attractive, Indigenous communities are having to make complicated decisions about economic development that have long-term implications.

Case study  |  15-min read
November 4, 2021
Focus Area—Indigenous & Northern Communities
Client—Future Skills Centre

U.S. on the Mend but Uncertainty Remains High: U.S. Outlook 2025

Prospects for the U.S. economy are generally bright. Still, there will be some hurdles to overcome over the next few months. The solid growth should enable the economy to return to full employment by the end of next year or early in 2023.

Online experience  |  8-min read
November 3, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Some Semblance of Normalcy: World Outlook

After 2020’s devastating drop in economic activity, the global economy is now expanding at a healthy clip. But the recovery has been—and will continue to be—uneven. The path of the pandemic and differing policy support measures among the major economies, as well as vast differences in vaccine coverage, have resulted in increasing divergence among the world’s largest economies.

Online experience  |  8-min read
October 29, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Immigrant worker
Essential Work: The Current and Future Role of (Im)migrant Talent

To what extent are immigrants and temporary residents over-represented in essential occupations and sectors? How can government and employers ensure immigrant skills match essential jobs? Combining Statistics Canada data with The Conference Board of Canada’s economic modelling, we studied immigrant and temporary residents’ contributions to essential work—and the vulnerabilities they face—in four subsectors and associated occupations.

Summary for executives  |  4-min read
October 29, 2021
Focus Area—Immigration

Canada’s Road to Recovery: Traffic Easing, but Speed Bumps Ahead: Canadian Outlook

The Canadian economy contracted in the second quarter, due largely to a sharp downturn in real exports. The downshift has forced us to chop our forecast for real GDP growth in 2021. Quarterly growth will fall back for annual rates through to the middle of next year, as the economy picks up the remaining slack left by the recession.

Online experience  |  8-min read
October 25, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

nurses
Valued Workers, Valuable Work: The Current and Future Role of (Im)migrant Talent

Essential work is critical to Canada’s economy and the provision of basic goods and services. Canada relies on immigrants and temporary residents in many essential sectors and occupations. And the pandemic has put the spotlight once again on their contributions—and the vulnerabilities they face—in sectors like healthcare and agriculture.

Impact paper  |  24-min read
October 29, 2021
Focus Area—Immigration

Workplaces for the Future: A Playbook for Municipal Leaders on Exploring Remote, Hybrid, and On-Site models

The COVID-19 pandemic has presented employers with a unique opportunity to reinvent the workplace. For most organizations, the future workplace will likely involve a blend of remote and on-site work. This impact paper examines the benefits and challenges of fully on-site, fully remote, and hybrid workplace models for the Regional Municipality of York.

Impact paper  |  32-min read
October 25, 2021
Focus Area—Human resources

Light Beginning to Shine for Multiple Cities: Major City Insights

As vaccination rates across Canada increase and restrictions decrease, the economy and labour markets of many cities will continue to pick up steam. But the spectre of a fourth wave of the pandemic looms over this optimism. Municipalities and provinces will need to heed the lessons they’ve learned from previous waves to balance growth and public safety.

Online experience  |  8-min read
October 15, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

What’s in store for the provinces in the next 20 years: Provincial Outlook to 2041

The provinces’ long-term economic outlooks depend a great deal on demographics—and international migration. Natural resources will still be important, but a transition away from hydrocarbons will call on industrial investment to step up in transforming the economy. Aging populations will challenge provincial public finances in two major ways: Greater healthcare expenditures and shrinking employment-driven tax revenues.

Online experience  |  5-min read
October 13, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Waitres looking at a tablet
Supply Trains: Security and Resilience in Canada’s Propane Market

Canada’s propane supply chain is in good health. Production is up, exports are growing, and investment remains strong. But the supply chain is changing. Not only are new market dynamics poised to create impacts, but disruptions like blockades, strikes, and the increasing use of rail also loom large.

Issue briefing|  15-min read
October 7, 2021
Focus Area—Sustainability

A Shot in the Arm for Canadian Tourism: Travel Market Outlook

COVID-19 has been the worst industry crisis since the advent of global tourism in the 1950s. It will take years to climb back to its pre-pandemic glory, but there are encouraging signs for Canadian tourism in the months ahead. With nearly half of Canadians are fully vaccinated. Canada’s economic recovery is also in full swing.

Online experience  |  8-min read
October 4, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

A Better Yardstick: A Capability-Centred Innovation Framework for Measuring Innovation

The importance of innovation is well-understood. Aside from its direct benefits of improved productivity, economic growth, and job creation, innovation allows governments to spend more resources on support for policy priorities, such as education, health, and infrastructure. Another key outcome is the increased income resulting from successful innovation, which leads to a better standard of living.

Impact paper  |  30-min read
September 28, 2021
Focus Area—Innovation & Technology

Waitres looking at a tablet
Searching for Strengths: Gaps and Opportunities for Social and Emotional Skills Development in the Tourism and Hospitality Sector

The tourism and hospitality (T&H) sector was hit especially hard by the pandemic. The International Monetary Fund reported that the industry “will continue to struggle until people feel safe to travel en masse again.” Helping displaced workers in the sector find new and meaningful employment is crucial to both the people who have been directly affected and the broader economic recovery.

Issue briefing|  15-min read
September 21, 2021
Focus Area—Education & Skills
Client—Future Skills Centre

Finding Value: Identifying and Assessing Social and Emotional Skills in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry

The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the tourism and hospitality (T&H) sector, leading to business closures and employee layoffs. Traditionally, the T&H sector attracts young Canadians with little to no work experience. Yet young T&H workers who have no work experience outside of the sector have been severely impacted by layoffs.

Impact paper  |  15-min read
September 21, 2021
Focus Area—Education & Skills
Client—Future Skills Centre

Skills Development in the North: An Ecosystem Shaped by Distinct Challenges

Occupations and in-demand skills are changing. Two-thirds of workers expect their jobs to be changed by technology every five years. Other forces driving labour market change in Northern Canada include commodity cycles, demographic change, climate change, modern treaties, and Indigenous self-government. Understanding how these changes impact workforce development across Northern Canada requires looking beyond the training institutions that deliver skills for jobs.

Primer  |  30-min read
September 9, 2021
Focus Area—Indigenous & Northern Communities
Client—Future Skills Centre

Labour market gets boost from vaccine rollout: Compensation Planning Outlook 2022

The data briefing for the Compensation Planning Outlook summarizes the results of the Conference Board’s annual survey and forecast. This data briefing will cover the effect of the vaccine rollout and employment.

Online experience  |  8-min read
September 7, 2021
Focus Area—Human Resources

Green Homes: Sustainable Finance for Residential Retrofits

Single-attached and detached homes are responsible for approximately 7 per cent of Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs). Reducing this requires new financing tools that make it easier to invest in building improvements. That’s a challenge. Sustainable financial innovation is needed both to mitigate consumer barriers and to connect individual projects to green capital markets.

Issue briefing  |  15-min read
August 18, 2021
Focus Area—Sustainability

The Borders of Labour: A Profile of the Interjurisdictional Workforce in the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut

There is a well-established practice in Canada’s three territories to use interjurisdictional employees to meet regional labour and skills shortages. This need stems mainly from resource development and infrastructure projects. However, there are interjurisdictional employees working in other sectors as well. And while there is a larger proportion of interjurisdictional workers coming into the territories, each territory also supplies labour to other provinces/territories.

Primer  |  30-min read
September 3, 2021
Focus Area—Indigenous & Northern Communities

Banking on a Dual Transition: Sustainable Finance for Petrochemical Plastic Producers

Ninety-nine per cent of plastics are produced from fossil fuels. As Canada and other advanced economies reach for net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, the emissions trajectory of petrochemical plastic producers needs a drastic change of course. With rising plastic pollution globally, this must be complemented by a transition to a circular economy. This dual transition will underpin the future of petrochemical plastic producers. These two elements of transition are complementary, yet distinct. The sustainability of plastics in our material world underscores this point.

Impact paper  |  30-min read
August 17, 2021
Focus Area—Sustainability

Building on COVID-Period Immigration Levels: The Economic Case

Immigration creates population and economic growth and is key to Canada’s future prosperity. Immigrants provide skilled labour and replace Canada’s retiring workers. They help companies innovate and access new markets, and they start or invest in businesses that generate employment for other Canadians. Immigrants also contribute to economic growth as consumers by increasing the demand for goods and services.

Impact paper | 20-min read
July 28, 2021
Focus Area—Immigration

Global recovery likely to drive demand for commodities produced in Canadian territories: Territorial Outlook

There are reasons to be optimistic as the territories emerge into a post-COVID-19 world. As the global economy bounces back over the coming years, so too will demand for commodities produced in Nunavut, the Northwest Territories, and Yukon.

Online experience  |  8-min read
June 28, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Innovation Report Card 2021

Innovation is important, but Canada continues to exhibit relatively weak innovation performance. Volatile resource prices, changing demographics, and increasing economic protectionism are exposing Canada’s business innovation weakness and generating pressure to become more innovative in the coming years.

Online experience  |  11-min read
June 28, 2021
Focus Area—Innovation & Technology

The Next Normal

The pandemic has super-spread disruption, transforming like never before the way we work. In March 2020, many organizations had to send large numbers of their employees home. What was long considered improbable—a remote workforce—became an immediate reality. Now, with the vaccine rollout well under way, organizations are beginning to consider what the workplace of the not-so-distant future will look like.

Data briefing  |  15-min read
June 25, 2021
Focus Area—Human Resources

Pandemic’s Lingering Effects Will Haunt Canada’s Long-Term Prospects: Canada’s Outlook to 2040

Canada’s immediate economic prospects have improved since our last long-term update in December 2020, as the rollout of vaccines has boosted business and household confidence. At the same time, labour markets are quickly recovering many of the jobs lost due to the pandemic last year. Overall, we expect real GDP to expand in 2021 and in 2022.

Online experience  |  8-min read
June 15, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Keep Moving: Sustainable Mobility After the Pandemic

Sustainable mobility is facing some very real challenges from COVID-19. Transit ridership has collapsed. Rising single-occupancy vehicle travel and suburban flight pose genuine threats to the progress many Canadian cities have made. Deep uncertainty remains about the persistence of these behaviours and their implications for urban mobility.

Issue briefing  |  15-min read
June 2, 2021
Focus Area—Sustainability

Care Pathways in Oncology: A Value-Based Analysis of Colorectal Cancer Care in Ontario and Quebec

Cancer care is typically provided across different health care settings (e.g., primary care, community-based care, hospital care) and by health care professionals from multiple disciplines. This requires a high level of coordination and integration.

Impact paper  |  19-min read
June 1, 2021
Focus Area—Health

Growing Canada’s Exports in a More Insular World

In 2020, Canada’s real exports plunged, as the global pandemic led to a collapse in demand from all of its major trading partners. The recovery in the global economy, attributable to the widespread distribution of vaccines and a reopening of economies, will help Canada’s exports rebound growth this year and in 2022.

Impact paper  |  24-min read
May 27, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Counting on Immigration: Assessing COVID-19’s Impact and Planning for the Future

Canada was set to break immigration records in 2020. But only days after releasing its 2020–22 immigration levels plan, the federal government announced travel restrictions to help contain the spread of COVID-19. Throughout the pandemic, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has continued to process immigration applications, and processing capacity has improved over time.

Issue briefing  |  15-min read
May 20, 2021
Focus Area—Immigration

Linking Skills to Employment in Inuit Nunangat

Economic opportunities in the region can benefit from Inuit skillsets, strengths, and knowledge. And Inuit have told us they are interested in finding a balance between market participation and traditional land-based activities. Our research will provide insights to help Northern economies grow and support sustainable livelihoods.

Summary for executives  | 4-min read
May 13, 2021
Focus Area—Indigenous & Northern Communities
Client—Future Skills Centre

Counting on Immigration: Measuring the Pandemic’s Effect and Building Back Stronger

How has COVID-19 impacted Canada’s immigration admissions? What makes immigrants who arrived or settled in Canada during the pandemic distinct? We analyzed admissions data to find the answers. We also modelled economic impacts to understand how immigration could fuel Canada’s recovery and long-term growth.

Summary for executives  | 4-min read
May 12, 2021
Focus Area—Immigration

Toronto’s Global Financial Centre Driving Economic Growth

Toronto’s finance and insurance sector was the fourth-largest sector in the city by employment in 2019. In 2019, the finance and insurance sector was the largest contributor to total GDP in Toronto and the second-largest in Ontario. Employment growth has also outpaced that of all sectors in Toronto in 2010 to 2019 and in Ontario and Canada from 2011 to 2020.

Data briefing  |  15-min read
May 4, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Space to Grow: Job Transitions in Ontario’s Tourism and Hospitality Industry

Tourism and hospitality is one of Ontario’s key economic drivers. In 2019, the sector employed over 620,000 Ontarians and generated nearly $21 billion in labour income. Before the pandemic-related disruptions, employment in the sector had been stable and sustainable. However, Ontario’s labour market is steadily evolving and, for some tourism and hospitality workers, this evolution has led to job losses, and the COVID-19 pandemic has increased and accelerated these pressures.

Impact Paper  |  15-min read
April 23, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics
Client—Future Skills Centre

A Microgrid Playbook

There are over 100 remote communities in Canada with more than 50 permanent residents each. None are connected to our national power grid. Imagine a microgrid system that offsets diesel use for each one. Microgrids are small-scale, self-sufficient energy systems. They can be the key to emissions reductions, resilience, and localized control of services—especially in Northern, Indigenous, and remote communities.

Online experience  |  8-min read
April 26, 2021
Focus Area—Sustainability

Do Indigenous Entrepreneurs Have the Support They Need to Succeed?

While there are compelling reasons for pursuing entrepreneurship, Indigenous entrepreneurs in Northern or remote areas also face a host of barriers and challenges. Services are available, but do they provide the support that is needed?

Impact paper  |  20-min read
April 15, 2021
Focus Area—Indigenous & Northern Communities

All on Board: Does Disclosure Help Create More Inclusive Boardrooms?

Canadian governments, corporate stakeholders, and advocacy organizations sought to use disclosure to accelerate women’s representation. Disclosure is a regulatory approach that requires companies to: (1) disclose the number of women on their boards and (2) disclose the efforts they have made (or not) to increase that representation.

Impact paper  |  30-min read
April 14, 2021
Focus Areas—Inclusion, Canadian Economics

Directing the COVID Recovery

At the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, Canada lost over 3 million jobs and the unemployment rate rose to a record high. As of early September, only 1.9 million of those jobs had been recovered. Some industries, however, could see permanent changes to their workforce and how they do business. Also, some industries may take longer to recover than others.

Summary for executives  |  3-min read
April 9, 2021
Focus Area—Innovation & Technology

Automation in Canada

Our leaders need to be ready. Automation-enabling technologies such as artificial intelligence and robotics will cause swift changes in the skills many industries need. In Canada, nearly one in five employees are already in an occupation at high risk of automation, where transitioning into a lower-risk occupation would require significant retraining.

Online experience  |  8-min read
April 8, 2021
Focus Area—Innovation & Technology

Directing the COVID Recovery: Assessing the Impacts of Potential Stimulus Policies in British Columbia

Canada suffered its worst recession in post-war history last year. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the country lost over 3 million jobs and the unemployment rate rose to 13.7 per cent, the highest on record. As of early September, only 1.9 million jobs had been recovered. There could be significant permanent structural changes in affected industries, such as retail, tourism, transportation, and hospitality. In addition, some industries will be slower to recover than others..

Impact paper  |  15-min read
April 9, 2021
Focus Area—Innovation & Technology

Labour Relations Outlook 2021

How do you bargain during a pandemic? And what are others doing? This outlook informs labour leaders, management, and policy-makers about 2021’s unique negotiating environment and the issues that will shape it. Our Labour Relations Outlook will be released in two parts this year—a Conference Board first.

Online experience  |  8-min read
March 25, 2021
Focus Area—Human Resources

Masked healthcare worker
Canada’s Secondary Health Crisis: A Call to Build on Health System Strengths and Value-Driven Investments

The COVID-19 pandemic has placed unprecedented pressure on health systems globally. While world leaders focus on containing the spread of the virus, health experts are warning that another health crisis is looming: an impending tsunami of health problems resulting from deferred surgeries, cancer treatments, and screening and diagnostic procedures. The time for systemic change is now, but the window of opportunity is narrowing.

Issue briefing  |  15-min read
March 31, 2021
Focus Area—Health

A New Power Economic Impacts of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors in Electricity Grids

Zero-emissions, non-intermittent, cost-competitive electricity. As Canada electrifies, the potential of small modular nuclear reactors (SMRs) to deliver these attributes is gaining steam. Seeking dividends Ontario, Saskatchewan, New Brunswick, and Alberta have committed to a memorandum of understanding to develop and deploy SMRs in Canada. While their motivations differ, transitioning their electricity markets toward carbon neutrality is a common theme.

Summary for executives  |  4-min read
March 17, 2021
Focus Area—Sustainability

Modelling Job Transitions in Canada

Employment in Canada is going to look different in the future. The types of education, abilities, skills, and experiences that employers seek are evolving amid a confluence of forces reshaping the nature of work around the world. Disruptive technologies like artificial intelligence and robotics, unmanned vehicles, and the Internet of Things, the growing share of knowledge-based services, and the rise of technology-enabled platforms will reshape careers.

Primer  |  20-min read
March 16, 2021
Focus Area—Education & Skills

A Path Forward: Job Transitions in Canada

Workers considering a career change need to better understand how to capitalize on their current skills, education, abilities, experience, and knowledge. Similarly, human resource professionals, educational institutions, and labour market policy-makers need a better sense of what skills, education, abilities, experience, and knowledge characteristics make someone more employable, today and in the future.

Impact paper  |  4-min read
March 16, 2021
Focus Area—Education & Skills
Client—Future Skills Centre

Preparing Canada’s Economies for Automation

Employment declines in occupations that involve routine tasks have been under way for decades. However, it is unclear how advances in artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics will impact local economies. As some occupations and industries are more vulnerable to automation than others, and regional economies have different occupational and industry mixes, regions may experience the impact of automation differently.

Issue briefing  |  15-min read
March 15, 2021
Focus Area—Innovation & Technology
Client—Future Skills Centre

Value for Money: The National Shipbuilding Strategy at the Halifax Shipyard

The National Shipbuilding Strategy (NSS) is a long-term plan to renew Canada’s federal fleet of combat and non-combat vessels. The initiative focuses on building vessels in Canada over a period of 20 to 30 years. It aims to reinvigorate the domestic shipbuilding industry, create skilled and sustainable jobs, and ensure that the country’s sovereignty is being protected.

Primer  |  15-min read
February 24, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Value for Money: Economic Impact of the Halifax Shipyard Under the National Shipbuilding Strategy

The National Shipbuilding Strategy is a long-term initiative to renew Canada’s existing fleet of combat and non-combat vessels. Halifax Shipyard is building the combat vessels. This work falls under four areas: Modernizing the Halifax Shipyard, renewing the navy’s fleet by replacing the existing Halifax Class frigates with 15 newly built Canadian Surface Combatants (CSCs), and repairing, refitting, and maintaining the existing Halifax Class vessels until they are retired.

Data briefing  |  15-min read
February 24, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Manitoba’s Agri-Food Sector Competing for a Greater Share of the Global Market

The agri-food sector is central to Manitoba’s economy and, by far, its largest export sector. It includes agriculture and food manufacturing. Manitoba’s agriculture goods, such as cereals and oil seeds, account for the largest share of the province’s overall agri-food exports. They are also its most globally competitive agri-food products.

Impact paper  |  45-min read
February 23, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Challenges Ahead: Canada’s Post-Pandemic Fiscal Prospects

The COVID-19 pandemic has taken a massive toll on the global and Canadian economies. The government response has been unprecedented, with a quick rollout of fiscal and monetary policy measures that have bolstered household incomes, supported wages, and provided cheap credit to households and businesses.

Issue briefing  |  15-min read
February 18, 2021
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Responding to Automation: Technology Adoption in Canadian Industries

Canadian industries have experienced rapid technological change with the advent of several transformative innovations over the past decade. Different technologies pose different re-skilling and occupational transition challenges across industries. Business leaders need to be mindful of which technology they adopt.

Impact paper  |  20-min read
January 28, 2021
Focus Area—Innovation & Technology
Client—Future Skills Centre

The Atlin Hydro Project: Making a Meaningful Contribution to Community Health and Well-Being

Indigenous communities are increasingly developing medium to large infrastructure projects with varying interests in the Canadian clean energy economy. This case study explores one example of Indigenous participation in a clean energy project—the Taku River Tlingit First Nation’s development and ownership of the Atlin hydro project in Northwestern British Columbia. The focus is to investigate how community participation in this project impacts community health and well-being.

Impact paper  |  37-min read
January 27, 2021
Focus Area—Indigenous & Northern Communities

Social and Emotional Skills Are Top of Mind Across Canada

When we asked people across Canada to identify the most important skills for career success, they overwhelmingly identified social and emotional skills (SES), like communication, critical thinking, and interpersonal skills, along with leadership and adaptability.

Summary for executives  |  4-min read
January 25, 2021
Focus area—Education & Skills
Client—Future Skills Centre

What Are Canadian Post-Secondary Institutions Saying and Doing?

Beyond what institutions are saying, we also wanted to understand what they are doing to develop student SES. Post-secondary activities that promote SES development fall into two categories: extra-curricular or embedded within programs and curricula. We scanned PSI program and departmental websites to find examples from across Canada.

Issue briefing  |  15-min read
January 21, 2021
Focus area—Education & Skills
Client—Future Skills Centre

Female doctor speaking with male patient
A Blueprint for Optimizing Lung Cancer Care for Better Patient Outcomes

Lung cancer is the most common cancer in Canada, accounting for 13 per cent of all newly diagnosed cancers. It is also the leading cause of cancer mortality. Lung cancer survival rates are among the lowest, compared to breast cancer and prostate cancer. In 2020 alone, an estimated 28,900 Canadians will have been diagnosed with lung cancer, and 21,200 Canadians will have died from it.

Impact paper  |  25-min read
January 14, 2021
Focus Area—Health

Working Students, Building Futures

To stay competitive in the wake of COVID-19, Canadian businesses will need talent with practical experience and future-relevant skills. One of the most promising ways to do this is by expanding access to work-integrated learning (WIL).

Online experience  |  8-min read
January 13, 2021
Focus Area—Education & Skills
Client—Future Skills Centre

Construction site
Modelling the Burden of Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide, with almost 18 million reported deaths in 2016. This series of issue briefings models the financial and health burdens of cardiovascular disease in several countries.

Online experience  |  8-min read
January 12, 2021
Focus Area—Health

Mortality Due to Cancer 2020: Benchmarking Cancer Mortality in Canada

Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally. In 2018, cancer was responsible for an estimated 9.6 million deaths. In terms of health, societal, and economic outcomes, the burden of cancer is continuing to grow. Cancer accounts for nearly one-third of deaths in Canada.

Primer  |  15-min read
December 15, 2020
Focus Area—Health

Construction site
Rising Skills in Canada

Industries are shifting to become more automated, connected, and diverse—with a heavy reliance on digital tools and platforms. These barriers need to be removed so Canadian tradespeople can easily upgrade their skills to be reflective of industry needs.

Online experience  |  3-min read
December 14, 2020
Focus Area—Education & Skills
Client—Future Skills Centre

Holding a bottle of juice
Finding balance: Canadian Beverage Association’s Balance Calories Initiative

The Canadian beverages industry has made progress in reducing the consumption of calories by Canadians across non-alcoholic beverages. Since 2014, there has been a reduction in the daily per person LRB calories consumed. With five years remaining to meet the reduction target, the BCI is on track to achieve its goal. The decline was the steepest in the first three years of the tracking period.

Issue briefing  |  10-min read
December 11, 2020
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Students working together on a laptop
National Regional Sounding Tour: Report-back

In fall 2019 and spring 2020, The Conference Board of Canada on behalf of the Future Skills Centre spoke with 857 skills, training, and education stakeholders across Canada. The goal was to understand the challenges and opportunities facing different regions.

Report-back  |  4-min read
December 9, 2020
Focus Area—Education & Skills
Client—Future Skills Centre

Student in lab coat working with chemistry equipment
Indigenous STEM Access Programs: Leading Post-Secondary Inclusion

The transition from high school to post-secondary education (PSE) is a time of uncertainty for many students. Educational, cultural, and economic challenges make this transition even more complex for Indigenous learners transferring into PSE in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).

Issue briefing  |  14-min read
December 9, 2020
Focus Area—Indigenous & Northern Communities
Client—Future Skills Centre

Woman reading with small children
Learning Together: STEM Outreach Programs for Indigenous Students

In response to a national conversation about reconciliation, governments, the formal education system, and non-profit organizations are wanting to address educational gaps and improve the representation of Indigenous peoples in STEM with extra attention and resources. This awareness, combined with an increasing focus on equity issues in STEM, has increased efforts to bring STEM outreach to Indigenous students.

Impact paper  |  25-min read
December 9, 2020
Focus Area—Indigenous & Northern Communities
Client—Future Skills Centre

Female health care worker speaking with a patient
Value-Based Healthcare in Canada: Opportunities for Advancement

Sustainability of healthcare systems is a growing global concern. Canada’s spending on healthcare is one of the highest compared with international peers. Yet its healthcare performance is rated as modest to poor. Creating more value in Canada’s health system has reached a tipping point.

Primer  |  18-min read
December 8, 2020
Focus Area—Health

Moving to Action: Implementing WSPS’ Mental Harm Prevention Roadmap

In partnership with Workplace Safety and Prevention Services (WSPS), The Conference Board of Canada developed a Mental Harm Prevention Roadmap. The Roadmap was created using an evidence-based approach to assist employers in supporting employees to achieve their psychological health and safety goals and is expected to evolve over time.

Primer  |  45-min read
December 8, 2020
Focus Area—Health

Spotlight on Japan Opportunities in the Land of the Rising Sun

Canada needs to diversify its trading partners. The unpredictable trade policies of our southern neighbour over the past few years and the challenges caused by COVID-19 have made this clear. Over 70 per cent of Canadian goods and services exports are destined for the United States. And while this reliance will not wane any time soon, Canada should continue to gradually broaden its reach and diversify into other markets. Japan offers many opportunities.

Impact paper  |  45-min read
December 7, 2020
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Accessing disease-modifying therapies for multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic degenerative disease that causes inflammation and damage to the central nervous system. This disrupts communication between the central nervous system and the rest of the body.

Primer  |  35-min read
December 3, 2020
Focus Area—Health

The Economic Influence of Physicians’ Offices

Physicians provide the invaluable and essential service of delivering health care to Canadians. While health care is often considered in terms of costs to governments and taxpayers, it also generates many economic benefits at the national, provincial/territorial, and community levels.

Issue briefing  |  45-min read
November 10, 2020
Focus Area—Canadian Economics, Health

Liquefied Natural Gas Development in B.C. and Its Impact on Indigenous Communities

Industrial development drives economic potential for Indigenous people. Realizing that potential requires a long-term commitment by Indigenous leaders, industry, and governments to build prosperity aligned with Indigenous values and community development.

Issue Briefing  |  15-min read
November 9, 2020
Focus Area—Sustainability

Ophthalmology in Canada

Maintaining good vision is a vital part of overall health and quality of life. Primary eye care is delivered by a variety of professionals, including ophthalmologists, optometrists, and family physicians. Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of eye disease. The majority of ophthalmology services are provided in a private office or clinic settings.

Impact paper  |  40-min read
November 6, 2020
Focus Area—Health

Canadian Outlook Autumn 2020: COVID-19 and Uncertainty to Flatten the Curve of Economic Recovery

Canada’s economy bounced back in recent months following the economic plunge sparked by the COVID-related shutdown in March and April. The quick rebound is good news, but a gaping chasm remains to be closed before Canada’s economy is back to normal. We expect localized closures and a retrenchment in some segments to hold back the pace of recovery into mid-2021.

Online experience  |  2-min read
November 3, 2020
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Health Care Cost Drivers in Canada: Pre-and post-COVID-19

Although the precise economic and financial toll of COVID-19 on the economy remains uncertain and depends on how long the crisis lasts, Canada’s health care system is already experiencing significant change and will likely continue to do so over the longer term.

Impact paper  |  55-min read
October 30, 2020
Focus Area—Health, Canadian Economics

Economic impacts of very small nuclear reactors in remote off-grid mining

Cost-competitive and zero-emissions mining is an opportunity for Canada. Very small modular nuclear reactors (vSMRs) offer this potential paradigm shift. Why does this matter? Northern, remote, and off-grid mines are an important part of Canada’s mining future.

Summary for executives  |  4-min read
October 28, 2020
Focus Area—Sustainability

Four Futures: the Economic Impact of Immigration in the Ottawa-Gatineau Region

Canada’s population is aging, and this has profound economic and social implications for the country. It means a rising number of workers are exiting the labour force and fewer younger workers are entering the job market, constraining the economy’s ability to grow. In fact, even the adoption of labour-saving technology and delayed retirements will not be enough to fully offset these effects.

Impact paper  |  50-min read
October 28, 2020
Focus Area—Immigration

Bringing Them Home: Reshoring Supply Chains Is Not a Panacea

As COVID-19 containment measures began to ease after the first wave, business leaders and policy-makers here in Canada and around the world started to think about how to deal with the aftermath of the pandemic. This means finding the right strategies to rebuild their economies and improve supply chain resiliency to future shocks.

Issue briefing  |  11-min read
October 20, 2020
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Curriculum and Reconciliation: Introducing Indigenous Perspectives into K–12 Science

The Indigenous population in Canada is younger and growing more rapidly than any other socio-demographic segment in the country. Expanding resource development opportunities and increasing recognition of Indigenous rights are creating unique economic opportunities for Indigenous peoples.

Impact paper  |  32-min read
October 13, 2020
Focus Area—Indigenous & Northern Communities
Client—Future Skills Centre

Talent Trends: Workforce impacts absence, turnover, attraction and retention rates

There have been changes in the Canadian workforce, including the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Organizations across the country have shared changes they are seeing specifically around absences, turnovers, attraction, and retention. Here’s what we found.

Online experience  |  8-min read
Focus Area—Human Resources
October 8, 2020

Changing With the World: Canadian CIO Outlook 2019–20

As technology becomes increasingly synonymous with business, the CIO role continues to evolve. With this comes changing expectations about how CIOs can best fulfill that role. CIOs are at the heart of organizational change. They must identify and understand the most pressing information technology issues and adapt their organizations accordingly.

Issue briefing  |  10-min read
September 29, 2020
Focus Area—Innovation & Technology

All on Board: Turning Evidence into Action for Women’s Leadership

Progress on women’s representation in leadership roles has been slow. Part of the challenge is that we don’t have strong evidence on what strategies work best. When it comes to corporate boards, we don’t know the extent to which existing legislation for corporate boards has contributed to changes in women’s representation.

Impact paper  |  16-min read
September 23, 2020
Focus Area—Inclusion

Trekking Our Trails: The Benefits and Significance of Canada’s Trail System

Trails generate benefits for local communities, businesses, and the wider economy, contribute to healthier lifestyles, and aid in environmental management. Canada has a wide network of trails that span the entire country and provide opportunities for various kinds of physical activities.

Issue briefing  |  16-min read
September 21, 2020
Focus Area—Canadian Economics

Bridging Generational Divides: Advancing Digital Skills in Canada’s Apprenticeships and Skilled Trades Ecosystem

Tradespeople will need a range of new digital skills to keep pace with the future of work and to thrive in digitally connected workplaces. They will need them to operate computerized equipment, access blueprints on digital devices, and use digital diagnostic tools, among other tasks.

Impact paper  |  30-min read
September 15, 2020
Focus Area—Education & Skills
Client—Future Skills Centre

Bridging Generational Divides: Digital Skills in the Trades

Tradespeople identified seven core 21st-century digital skills that are needed to adapt to the future of the trades. These skills require knowledge of digital tools and interact with both trade-specific technical knowledge and social/emotional skills, which evolve over a person’s lifespan.

Summary for executives  |  4-min read
September 15, 2020
Focus Area—Education & Skills
Client—Future Skills Centre

Territorial outlook snapshot

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused the worst economic downturn to hit Canada in decades. Our latest national forecast calls for the Canadian economy to contract by a staggering 25 per cent in the second quarter of 2020.

Online experience
June 15, 2020
Focus Area—Canadian Economics