To what extent are immigrants and temporary residents over-represented in essential occupations and sectors? This summary briefly details the salient issues—such as over-qualification—and presents several recommendations.
We analyzed Canada’s dependence on immigrants and temporary residents as essential workers, and the extent to which the current immigrant talent pool and channels are “fit for purpose” to fill essential vacancies.
One of the notable highlights is the overqualification of immigrants and temporary residents compared with non-immigrants. This overqualification limits the economic contributions and career prospects of immigrants and temporary residents. Canada’s Federal Skilled Workers and the Canadian Experience Class programs were not designed to admit immigrants with labour-intensive skills, which adds to overqualification challenges.
In addition to outlining the issues, this summary includes several recommendations to advance the twin goals of filling Canada’s essential occupations and providing quality opportunities for immigrants and temporary residents.