This impact paper examines the feasibility and desirability of transitioning workers from occupations susceptible to automation to rapidly growing occupations – particularly in the clean economy. We define this shift as a transition from high-risk, low-mobility (HRLM) occupations to rapid-growth, clean-economy occupations.
First, we identify green industries that are critical to transitioning to a clean economy. We then identify existing and emerging green occupations that are more important to green industries than the overall economy.
Next, we determine the key differences between green and non-green occupations by leveraging a comprehensive inventory of skills, knowledge requirements, and wages. We also estimate the equivalence between years of training and skills gains that can inform retraining programs.
Lastly, through a survey of over 500 Canadian workers and in-depth interviews with industry associations, labour representatives, and other relevant experts, we examine the human factors in job transitions, such as worker attitudes and preferences.