Liberalization’s Last Frontier: Canada’s Food Trade

The Conference Board of Canada, 55 pages, July 31, 2013
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Liberalization’s Last Frontier examines Canada’s food trade patterns, the barriers to trading food that Canada still has in place, and the potential benefits of reducing those.

Cette publication comprend un résumé en français.

Document Highlights

The report shows how Canada stands to benefit from lower trade barriers to food and increased food trade. Trading food allows us to get access to a wide variety of food products year-round, at affordable prices, and opens new markets for Canadian food producers. Despite those benefits and the fact that Canada is one of the few countries with a large food trade surplus, we still maintain very high import tariffs on key food products. Those include commodities under supply management, beef and veal meat, wheat, and barley. This is in sharp contrast to the low tariffs found in other similar export oriented countries like Australia, New Zealand, and Chile. Lowering our trade barriers to food, particularly with key emerging markets, is the best way for Canada to capitalize and expand upon its position as a large food exporter.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary


Chapter 1—Introduction

Chapter 2—Why Trade Food?

  • Concentrating Our Efforts on What We Do Best
  • Canada’s Food Export Strength
  • Imports’ Key Role in Feeding Canadians
  • Conclusion

Chapter 3—Key Trends in Global and Canadian Food Trade

  • Lower Barriers, More Trade
  • Canada’s Changing Food Trading Partners
  • Conclusion

Chapter 4—Trade Barriers to Food

  • How Does Canada Compare on Tariff-Based Barriers?
  • Food Products Facing the Highest Tariffs in Canada
  • Are Non-Tariff Barriers Replacing Tariff Barriers?
  • Conclusion

Chapter 5—The Potential Gains From Lower Trade Barriers in the Food Sector

  • The Trans-Pacific Partnership
  • The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement
  • Conclusion

Chapter 6—Implications

Appendix A—List of Abbreviations

Appendix B—Bibliography

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