Moving Ahead: School-Based Interventions to Reduce Physical Inactivity and Sedentary Behaviour

The Conference Board of Canada, 64 pages, November 1, 2016
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Decreased physical activity and increased sedentary behaviour are linked to overweight, obesity, and chronic diseases. This report evaluates school-based interventions to address these issues among children and youth.

Document Highlights

Only about 9 per cent of Canadians aged 5 to 17 get the recommended 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity at least six days a week. Also, many sit in front of screens for much longer than the recommended maximum of two hours per day. Decreasing physical activity and increasing sedentary behaviour are linked to overweight, obesity, and chronic diseases. Therefore, children and youth must increase their physical activity and reduce the time they spend being sedentary.

The authors of this report reviewed school-based interventions that have reduced sedentary behaviour or increased physical activity. They found that integrating programs into school curricula and embedding activity breaks into class time were two of the most effective and cost-efficient interventions. Flexible interventions that involve parents and caregivers, and include a teacher-training component, may have the widest adoption, acceptance, and reach.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Chapter 1–Introduction

  • Moving Ahead: Healthy Active Living in Canada Series
  • Physical Inactivity and Sedentary Behaviour Among Children and Youth
  • School as a Setting for Intervention
  • Criteria for Selecting Interventions
  • Research Aims and Approach

Chapter 2–School-Based Interventions

  • Physical Education Curriculum
  • Classroom Activity Breaks
  • Active Commuting to School
  • Modified Playgrounds
  • Comprehensive Approaches
  • Summary of School-Based PA Interventions

Chapter 3–Sedentary Behaviour

  • Screen Time
  • Sitting Time
  • Classroom Modification
  • Summary of School-Based SB Interventions

Chapter 4–Conclusion

Appendix A–Bibliography

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