Aligning Skill Development to Labour Market Need

The Conference Board of Canada, 72 pages, May 10, 2016
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This report explores the contradiction of rising levels of educational attainment coexisting with weak alignment between skills and labour market needs.

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Document Highlights

Aligning Skills Development With Labour Market Need builds on the Centre for Skills and Post-Secondary Education’s (SPSE) foundational report, Skills?Where Are We Today: The State of Skills and PSE in Canada. A key finding of that report was that the “literacy, numeracy and problem-solving skills of Canadian adults are less impressive than one might expect for a country with a high level of post-secondary participation and attainment.” Aligning Skills Development explores the contradiction of mounting levels of educational attainment coexisting with weak alignment between skills and labour market needs. Understanding this paradox and possible solutions involve an analysis of Canada’s skills development system. The report considers the critical role of Canada’s labour market information systems, the way employers articulate their skills demands to prospective employees, and the education system that is expected to develop these skills.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Chapter 1—Introduction

Chapter 2—Concepts

  • Which Skills?
  • How Are Skills Demands Evolving?
  • How Are Skills Developed?
  • Skills Development Environments
  • How Has Skills Development Evolved Over Time?
  • How Do We Know That People Have Skills?
  • Why Mismatches?
  • Conclusion

Chapter 3—Employers’ Skills Demands

  • Conference Board of Canada Evidence
  • What Is Canada's Statutory Framework for Procurement?
  • Other Employer Surveys
  • Employer Ads Through Wanted Analytics
  • Conclusion

Chapter 4—Why Skills Mismatches?

  • Regional Mismatches
  • Skills Mismatches
  • Underemployment and Overemployment
  • Conclusion

Chapter 5—Improving Alignment

  • Labour Market Information Systems
  • School-to-Work Transition
  • Partnerships Between Employers and Educators
  • Employer Training Systems
  • Conclusion

Chapter 6—The Way Ahead

  • Improve Labour Market Information Systems
  • Shorten the School-to-Work Transition and Improve Alignment
  • Enhance Employers’ Partnerships With PSEs
  • Develop Today’s Employer
  • Align Skills With Canada’s Need for Innovative Employers

Appendix A—Bibliography

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