In recent years, there has been a rise in interest in the role of food in health and in how food is grown and processed. Yet, it is unclear whether household attitudes, skills, and knowledge about food—food literacy—have developed along with that interest. This report reveals that there are gaps and deficits in Canadians’ knowledge and skills related to food.
Improving food literacy in Canada will support healthier choices in diet and nutrition and better food skills, leading to improved nutrition and health outcomes. Information and education are crucial, but must be presented using strategies that engender lasting behavioural changes. This report discusses why food literacy matters (in terms of dietary, health, and environmental outcomes); analyzes the current state of food literacy in Canada; highlights current efforts to develop food literacy; and recommends strategies to further improve Canadian household food literacy.