Brain Gain 2015: The State of Canada’s Learning Recognition System

The Conference Board of Canada, 94 pages, January 26, 2016
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What is the state of Canada’s learning recognition system today? This study (15 years after the initial study) finds that we still have much to gain by recognizing immigrants’ learning credentials.

Document Highlights

In 2001, The Conference Board of Canada produced a path-breaking study on Canada’s learning recognition system called Brain Gain: The Economic Benefits of Recognizing Learning and Learning Credentials in Canada. The study found significant numbers of Canadians who faced learning recognition challenges and had difficulty aligning their employment with their skill.

Brain Gain 2015: The State of Canada’s Learning Recognition System, is an update to the initial analysis. It is intended to improve our understanding of current learning recognition challenges and to determine whether Canada’s learning recognition system has, in fact, improved over time. Using substantially similar methods, this report finds that Canada is still a laggard in employing learning recognition as a means to increase returns to human capital and provide substantial benefits for the Canadian economy. It concludes with some suggestions for improving the functioning of Canada’s learning recognition system to that Canada can realize a brain gain.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Chapter 1—Introduction

  • Methodology
  • A Guide to the Report

Chapter 2—Why Recognition (Still) Matters

  • Increasing Demand for Skills
  • Recognition (Still) Matters: Household Survey Findings
  • Conclusion

Chapter 3—The Recognition Marketplace

  • Institutions
  • Employers
  • Individuals
  • Recent Actions to Improve the Recognition System
  • Conclusion

Chapter 4—Brain Gain

  • Approach
  • The Challenges of Non-Recognition
  • Brain Gain From Employment
  • Brain Gain From Reducing Underemployment
  • Summary and Comparison to the first Brain Gain
  • Conclusion

Chapter 5—Moving Forward

  • Modify Immigration Processes to Include Learning Recognition Services in Selection and Settlement Systems
  • Align Immigration and Workforce Development Policies
  • Extend Canadian PSE Curriculum, Pedagogy, and Programs Into Immigration Source Countries
  • Make the Business Case for Learning Recognition
  • Restructure Occupational Bodies and Move to National Standards
  • Improve Openness and Transparency of Existing Recognition Systems
  • Adopt Fairness Regimes

Appendix A—Bibliography

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