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Recent Immigrants More Likely to Export, Target Markets Outside the U.S.

Canada’s trade agenda is focused on opening up markets beyond the United States, and a new study shows that one group is doing just that. The Conference Board of Canada report looks at the experience of Canada’s immigrant exporters and finds that businesses owned by recent immigrants are more likely to export and more likely to target markets other than United States. Twelve per cent of immigrant-owned businesses export goods and services to markets beyond the U.S., versus seven per cent for businesses owned by non-immigrants.


“How Canada Performs” Education Report Card

The Conference Board of Canada has handed out its report cards on the education and skills performance of Canada and its provinces. Canada as a whole gets a “B” grade and ranks near the top of the international class. But there are significant differences among the provinces. British Columbia, Ontario, and Alberta are the top-performing provinces, earning strong “B” grades. Quebec and Nova Scotia earn “C” grades. And the five other provinces are at the back of the class, with “D” or “D–” grades. (Limited data do not allow for similar comparisons with Canada's territories.)

Change Is in the Air Among Provincial Economies

Western Canadian provinces will boast the fastest-growing provincial economies this year and again in 2015. Alberta will take its usual place at the top of the list. However, this year Manitoba and B.C. will move past Saskatchewan—a growth leader among the provinces in recent years. Growth in Saskatchewan will actually slow sharply, while the near-term outlook is looking increasingly positive for Manitoba and British Columbia.

The Value of Garbage

Waste diversion, through practices such as recycling, composting, and reusing waste material, is an increasingly important aspect of solid waste management. Yet, less than a quarter of the garbage produced in Ontario is currently diverted from disposal sites. More recycling, composting, and re-using of waste could support thousands of jobs in Ontario and add about $1.5 billion to the provincial economy.

A Snapshot of Leadership Development Practices in Canada

At a time when many of the current senior leaders in Canada are approaching retirement, the need for new leadership has never been more important. However, our snapshot of leadership development practices across Canada suggests that, when faced with economic challenges, some organizations eliminate or reduce related leadership development activities.

We Can All Play a Role in Preventing Terrorism

Recent incidents, such as the involvement of Canadians in overseas terrorism and the arrests of Canadians planning terrorist activities in Ontario and British Columbia, indicate that terrorism continues to pose a real threat to Canada. Although we have been successful so far at countering it, we must continue to build our resilience to terrorism. One key theme that has emerged from the Conference Board’s national security and public safety work in this area is the need for strong public–private partnerships. More cooperation between the public and private sectors would result in a greater range of tools, resources, and approaches in the fight against terrorism.

Celebrating 60 Years of the CBoC in Canada

In 1955, Arthur J.R. Smith, a young economist employed by the Federal Reserve Bank in New York, moved to Montréal to work alongside the director of the National Industrial Conference Board's Canadian office, Monteath Douglas. When Douglas retired in 1971, Smith was named the first president of The Conference Board in Canada. By then, the Canadian organization had expanded to 13 employees with a budget of $300,000 a year.

CBoC Highlights

Our chief economist, Glen Hodgson, talks about World Cup 2014 and the economics of pro sports in Canada on BNN.

Margaret Trudeau delivered the keynote presentation at the Conference Board’s Workplace Wellness and Mental Health 2014 conference. Following her presentation, Trudeau hosted a signing for her book Changing My Mind.


On CBC’s “The Lang and O’Leary Exchange,” Danielle Goldfarb, Associate Director of the Conference Board’s Global Commerce Centre, highlights the strengths of small and medium-sized businesses run by recent immigrants to Canada.


In This Issue

  • Recent Immigrants More Likely to Export, Target Markets Outside the U.S.
  • “How Canada Performs” Education Report Card
  • Change Is in the Air Among Provincial Economies
  • The Value of Garbage
  • A Snapshot of Leadership Development Practices in Canada
  • We Can All Play a Role in Preventing Terrorism
  • Celebrating 60 Years of the CBoC in Canada

Previous Issues


MyService—The Toronto Police Service’s Journey on Transforming its Culture
Sep 16 at 2:00 PM

Latest Blogs

Cyber and Hybrid Threats to Canada and Its Allies

May 06, 2019
Brent Dowdall
Senior Manager, Research and Business Development

Cyber security threats are now considered a global security concern on par with traditional conventional military threats. Our interconnected world means that cyber threats and hybrid warfare incorporate a complex mix of hostile actors and a wide range of tactics. The rapid evolution of technology, combined with the ability of attackers to quickly adopt new offensive tools and techniques, further exacerbates the threat. Open liberal democracies have an interest in overcoming the risks of cyber attacks—to protect the critical infrastructure we rely on, personal privacy and business continuity, and even democratic institutions themselves.

The Government of Canada is developing cyber capabilities to protect the country from virtual threats and to work within defence alliances. Among its key partners should be European countries, working both within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and with the European Union (EU) itself.

With Europe on the front lines of hostile state and non-state actors, the EU has taken a more assertive role in organizing its own cyber security defences and those of its member states. The EU’s Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) initiative has put cyber security at the top of the priority list for greater collaboration and cooperation among member states.

The Cyber Rapid Response Teams (CRRT) and Mutual Assistance in Cyber Security project is among the most advanced of the projects under the PESCO initiative. CRRT will allow member states to help each other to ensure higher level of cyber resilience and to collectively respond to cyber incidents. Lithuania leads the EU cooperation project in cyber defence, with eight more EU member states—Estonia, Spain, Croatia, Poland, Netherlands, France, Romania, and Finland—participating in the project (Belgium, Greece, Slovenia, and Germany are observers of the project).

The aim of this project is to integrate the expertise among member states in the field of cyber defence. The rapid response teams are able to assist with training, diagnostics, and attribution forensics, and to provide assistance in operations.

At the 5th European Union Security and Defence Symposium, held in Ottawa on March 20, 2019, the panel session PESCO in Action: Confronting Hybrid/Cyber Threats will outline the progress being made on the CRRT and how Canada and the EU can work together to strengthen our shared responsibilities in the field of cyber threats. The Conference Board of Canada is a partner in developing the program for the event. Participants include senior EU officials, Canadian governments officials, and experts from both sides of the Atlantic.

Canada is far from exempt from the potential consequences of cyber threats. The Canadian Centre for Cyber Security’s most recent threat assessment says that 2019 could be a particularly harrowing year for Canadian individuals, businesses, and institutions.1

Given the high and rising threat of cyber attacks, it is also important to promote the concept of cyber resilience. Unlike cyber security, which is usually very focused on prevention and protection, cyber resilience recognizes that successful cyber attacks may be inevitable. Therefore, cyber resilience promotes the need to ensure organizations can maintain critical functions and quickly return to normal in the wake of an attack. Improving organizational cyber resilience will be the focus of the Conference Board’s Cyber Security 2019: Building and Testing Cyber Resilience conference.

As governments and businesses alike face new threats, decision-makers and organizational leaders need to stay up to date on the latest cyber-security trends. Ongoing research and dialogue—by sharing the successes, weaknesses, and learnings—is perhaps the most effective defensive weapon we can collectively wield against these threats.

Related Conference

Cyber Security 2019: Building and Testing Cyber Resilience
May 27, 2019, Toronto

1    Cindy Baker, “Canada Is a Prime Target for Cybersecurity Attacks in 2019.” IT World Canada, January 16, 2019.

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