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The Bucks Stop Here: Trends in Income Inequality Between Generations

Younger workers are making less money relative to their elders. That is true for men and women, individuals and couples, and both before and after taxes. While it’s normal for older workers to make more money than those with less experience, our research shows a growing earnings gap between younger and older workers. In the mid-1980s, the average after-tax income of Canadians between the ages of 50 and 54 was 47 per cent higher than that of 25- to 29-year-olds. In recent years, that gap has jumped to 64 per cent.


City Magnets III: Benchmarking the Attractiveness of 50 Canadian Cities

An aging population means that immigrants are critical to Canada’s future. Cities that fail to attract new people will struggle to stay prosperous, which is why we ranked 50 Canadian cities based on the features that make them attractive to newcomer populations. Six—Waterloo, Calgary, Ottawa, Richmond Hill, Vancouver, and St. John’s—distinguished themselves as grade “A” cities in our rankings.

2014 Honorary Associate

The Honorary Associate award is the Conference Board’s highest honour and is conferred annually upon individuals who have served both their organization and their country with distinction. This year, The Conference Board of Canada has named Michael H. McCain, President and Chief Executive Officer, Maple Leaf Foods Inc., as its Honorary Associate. Join us on Monday, November 3, 2014, at the Fairmont Royal York in Toronto to celebrate Michael McCain’s many achievements.

Workplace Preferences of Millennials and Gen X: Attracting and Retaining the 2020 Workforce

Although the damage done to savings by the 2008 recession has delayed the mass retirement of baby boomers, organizations will soon be facing a labour shortage and will need to rely on Millennials to fill the gaps. How, where, and with whom this future workforce wants to work will impact attraction and retention levels. Organizations that separate the true work styles and preferences of Millennials and Gen Xers from the stereotypes will improve their ability to attract and retain employees in both groups.

Health Summit: Aging, Chronic Disease, and Wellness

We all know that as we get older we become more vulnerable and tend to make more demands on the health care system. Our Health Summit 2014: Aging, Chronic Disease, and Wellness will focus on the long-term challenges facing our health care system when it comes to seniors and chronic care. These two interrelated issues represent a complex challenge to system sustainability—a challenge that will affect the health of all Canadians, now and in the future.

The Case for Coaching

Coaching is one of the fastest-growing areas within the field of leadership and organizational development. It is already recognized as an effective development tool. And in the future, we expect coaching will be used more broadly, have a wider range of applications, and be linked to the strategic goals of the organization.

CBoC Highlights

Check out our latest infographic—Toronto: Canada’s Leader for Financial Services Headquarters.

Satyamoorthy Kabilan discusses how terrorist groups, such as ISIS, use social media to spread their message.


On CBC’s “The Exchange With Amanda Lang,” David Stewart-Patterson examined the potential impact of young people making less money than the previous generation.

Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi shares his experiences of crisis communication and leadership during the 2013 Calgary flood.

In This Issue

  • The Bucks Stop Here: Trends in Income Inequality Between Generations
  • City Magnets III: Benchmarking the Attractiveness of 50 Canadian Cities
  • 2014 Honorary Associate
  • Workplace Preferences of Millennials and Gen X: Attracting and Retaining the 2020 Workforce
  • Health Summit: Aging, Chronic Disease, and Wellness
  • The Case for Coaching

Previous Issues

Recent Op-Eds

How to Ease Ontario’s Fiscal Squeeze
The Globe and Mail, September 24, 2014

Young, Underpaid, and Angry: The Coming Clash Over the Income Gap, September 23, 2014

If I Had $100 billion ... How to Restore Ottawa’s Fiscal Health
The Globe and Mail, September 10, 2014

To Beat Terrorists Online, Let’s Raise Our Social Media Game
The Globe and Mail, September 08, 2014

A Call to Recalibrate Corporate Values
The Globe and Mail, September 02, 2014

Latest Blogs

Finding the “Win-Win” in Major Project Agreements

Mar 08, 2017
Christopher Duschenes
Northern and Aboriginal Policy,
Centre for the North

Lessons From Indigenous Groups and Industry Proponents

Over the past 30 years, major project agreements (MPAs) between Indigenous communities and natural resources companies have become the cornerstone of successful development projects in Canada. It is increasingly clear that without MPAs, the likelihood of major projects proceeding is significantly reduced and that partnerships between Indigenous communities and industry are now the norm, not the exception. Corporate and Indigenous community leaders emphasize the need of having MPAs to build trust, improve certainty, and establish joint economic development opportunities. MPAs can now be found from coast to coast to coast across the traditional territories of Indigenous peoples. In the mining sector alone, more than 400 agreements have been concluded between Indigenous groups and project proponents since 1995.

Given the growing importance of MPAs, The Conference Board of Canada’s Centre for the North (CFN) initiated research to gain a better understanding of the context and elements that form the basis of successful agreements. On March 6, 2017, our report on this issue was released, and it can be downloaded free of charge.

The report documents critical success factors, common obstacles, and challenges that Indigenous groups and proponents need to be mindful of at different phases of major project agreement-making—from early-stage negotiations to long-term implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. For Indigenous groups, the report provides insight into how to navigate potential and expected developments. It also suggests ways that Indigenous governments and businesses can work together to leverage the opportunities presented by major projects, transforming time-limited financial benefits from exhaustible resource development into long-term legacies for their communities.

For industry proponents, the report demonstrates how a corporate focus on building and maintaining healthy relationships with Indigenous groups will enhance the likelihood that the major project will reach the operational stage. Through successful negotiation and implementation of an MPA’s terms and conditions, proponents can establish and maintain the social licence required to effectively develop their project.

The balance of power around natural resource development is shifting and Indigenous communities are increasingly becoming key players in major economic development projects across Canada. An equitable sharing of the natural resources wealth of the country is a meaningful and significant element of reconciliation. Encouraging this trend is a “win-win” for everyone.

Please distribute the report widely, and we encourage you to provide us with your feed-back. All Centre for the North reports are available free of charge.

Learn about becoming a member of the Centre for the North.

Related Webinar

Major Project Agreements and Indigenous Communities: Finding the Win-Win
The Conference Board of Canada, February 28, 2017


MyService—The Toronto Police Service’s Journey on Transforming its Culture
Sep 16 at 2:00 PM