Powering Down Emissions: Case Studies of Electricity Generation in Three Provinces

The Conference Board of Canada, 41 pages, June 6, 2019
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This report looks at three provinces—Alberta, Ontario, and Nova Scotia—to provide regional and provincial perspectives on how Canadian provinces are acting to reduce GHG emissions in the electricity sector.

Document Highlights

This report provides regional and provincial perspectives on how Canadian provinces are acting to reduce GHG emissions in the electricity sector. Three provinces—Alberta, Ontario, and Nova Scotia—were selected as case studies to provide contextual viewpoints from different geographical regions in Canada. Efforts to mitigate GHG emissions have mostly coalesced around phasing out coal; expanding the scope of renewable energy as a mainstream source; and increasing the scope of cleaner, conventional sources like natural gas as a bridge fuel to replace coal.

These findings indicate the level of effort and initiatives required to reduce GHG emissions in Canada’s electricity sector and encourage further action by demonstrating that policies and actions are having an impact. Implementation experiences in these jurisdictions provide useful lessons for other provinces and territories in Canada. Similar actions across the country will help reduce GHG emissions while growing the clean electricity generation fleet to meet the evolving demands of the future.

Table of Contents

Key Findings

Projections

Executive Summary

Chapter 1—Alberta

  • Context
  • Electricity Consumption
  • Capacity
  • Electricity Generation
  • GHG Emissions
  • Electricity Sector GHG Mitigation Measures
  • Electricity Sector Outlook
  • Observations

Chapter 2—Ontario

  • Context
  • Electricity Consumption
  • Capacity
  • Electricity Generation
  • GHG Emissions
  • Factors Influencing GHG Mitigation
  • Electricity Sector Outlook
  • Observations

Chapter 3—Nova Scotia

  • Context
  • Electricity Consumption
  • Capacity
  • Electricity Generation
  • GHG Emissions
  • GHG Mitigation Initiatives
  • Electricity Sector Outlook
  • Observations

Chapter 4—Moving Forward With GHG Reductions

  • One Cap Does Not Fit All
  • Technological Progress Is Key
  • Tapping Low-Emission Electricity From Provincial Interties

Appendix A—Bibliography

Appendix B—Glossary of Terms

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