Skills—Where Are We Today? The State of Skills and PSE in Canada

The Conference Board of Canada, 164 pages, November 4, 2014
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What is the state of skills in Canada? This study provides a systems perspective on skills development in the post-secondary education sector and identifies areas for improvement.

Document Highlights

Canada requires a high-performing post-secondary education (PSE) sector to produce people with the advanced skills and knowledge necessary to contribute to economic, social, political and individual well-being.

Although Canada’s PSE sector has performed relatively well to date on many measures, we can do much better. More attention needs to be focused on the quality of skills being produced to meet and address current and future economic and social opportunities and challenges.

Skills—Where Are We Today? The State of Skills and PSE in Canada provides a systems perspective on the state of skills and higher education in Canada and identifies areas where the sector could improve in producing highly skilled graduates. It is one of three foundational studies for the Centre for Skills and Post-Secondary Education that, together, offer the first steps in a diagnosis of the sector and its performance.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Chapter 1—Introduction

  • Purpose of the Report
  • Framing the Analysis
  • PSE and Skills: A Snapshot
  • Methodology

Chapter 2—Universities

  • A Profile of the University Sector
  • Participation
  • Credential Outputs
  • Skills Outputs
  • Conclusion

Chapter 3—Colleges, Institutes, Polytechnics, and CEGEPs

  • Sector Profile
  • Participation
  • Credential Outputs
  • Skills Outputs
  • Conclusion

Chapter 4—Apprenticeships and Skilled Trades Training

  • The Apprenticeship Sector—Overview
  • Trends in Registration, Completion, and Certification
  • Funding
  • Assessing Performance
  • International Comparisons
  • Challenges
  • Renewing the Role and Scope of the Apprenticeship Sector
  • Conclusion

Chapter 5—Adult Learning and Education

  • Employer-Sponsored Training
  • Obstacles to Effective Employer-Sponsored Training
  • Skills Training for the Unemployed and Low-Skilled Employed
  • Conclusion

Chapter 6—Stimulating Skills Development: Strategies for Success

  • Key Findings and Areas for Action
  • Closing the Education and Skills Divide

Appendix A—Bibliography

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