International trade can affect different groups of people quite differently. Businesswomen may face legal, economic, cultural, and family constraints that can hamper their ability to gain from trade on an equal footing with men. With Canada’s new progressive trade agenda, the Government will aim to distribute trade benefits among all Canadians and address social and economic inequalities by supporting the participation of women and other traditionally under-represented groups in global trade. Recent trade deals with Chile, Israel, and the United States and Mexico reflect Canada’s efforts.
This report examines recent initiatives by Canada and other countries to integrate gender equality into trade agreements by mapping out current innovative practices used in negotiating trade and gender chapters and mainstreaming gender equality considerations. The report suggests nine recommendations for Canada to use in negotiating future agreements or renegotiating existing agreements in a more gender-responsive manner.