Russia’s higher education system is a reflection of the unique circumstances arising from the fall of the Soviet Union in the 1990s. These include radical privatization reform, the doubling of the number of universities between 1990 and 2010, and the dramatic deterioration of credential value. In 2008, events were set in motion to reform and repair the Russian credential system, a pivotal move in resuscitating the Russian university system. Even more radical action followed. After an extensive audit, Russia announced in February 2015 that it would be closing about 40 per cent of its universities by 2016.
Reform in Russia: Credential Recognition and University Renewal examines credentials and the value they represent which are key to the functioning of higher educational institutions in Russia, as in Canada and elsewhere. By exploring the achievements and missteps in Russia’s higher education reforms, this study is intended to inform future policy-making in Canada.