Greening Freight: Pathways to Reducing GHG Emissions From Trucking

The Conference Board of Canada, 121 pages, May 25, 2018
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Through a literature and policy document review, this report considers how advances in the technology and policy landscape could help meaningfully reduce emissions from freight transport in Canada.

Document Highlights

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transportation sector in Canada accounted for 173 megatonnes of CO2 equivalent, or 24 per cent of the national total, in 2015. The sector was responsible for nearly half of the increase in GHG emissions in Canada between 1990 and 2015. During this same period, the share of transportation emissions from freight increased substantively, from 28 per cent in 1990 to 44 per cent in 2015. The proportional share of emissions from freight trucks compared with aviation, rail, and marine freight also increased during this time, while emissions from passenger travel declined.

Achieving meaningful reductions to Canada’s emission profile and reaching Canada’s GHG reduction targets requires a focus on freight, and on trucking in particular. Through a literature and policy document review, this report considers how advances in the technology and policy landscape could help meaningfully reduce emissions from freight transport.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Chapter 1—Introduction

  • Canada’s GHGs
  • Previous Conference Board Research
  • Questions and Approach to the Research
  • What We Mean By Trucking
  • Report Structure

Chapter 2—Freight and Mode Choice

  • Introduction
  • Freight Transport Modes: Key Characteristics
  • Focus on the Road and Rail
  • Reducing Travel by Truck
  • Conclusion

Chapter 3—Reducing Emissions From Freight: Established Truck Technologies

  • Introduction
  • Fuel Economy Technologies to Reduce GHGs
  • Engine Losses
  • Market Penetration Rates and Barriers
  • Conclusion: Overcoming Barriers

Chapter 4—Reducing Emissions From Freight: Disruptive Truck Technologies

  • Disruptive Technologies to Reduce GHGs
  • Conclusion

Chapter 5—Carbon Pricing and Freight Economics

  • Pricing Carbon
  • Provincially Led Carbon-Pricing Initiatives
  • The Federal Role in Pricing
  • Impacts of Pricing on Freight Economics
  • Conclusion

Chapter 6—Direct Regulations and Standards

  • Direct Regulations and Standards
  • Introduction
  • Tailpipe Regulations
  • Fuel Efficiency Programs
  • Renewable Fuels Regulations
  • Provincial Regulations for Weights and Dimensions
  • Conclusion

Chapter 7—Pathways Forward and Next Steps for Research

  • Pathways Forward and Next Steps for Research
  • Freight Matters
  • Intermodal
  • Established Fuel-Saving Technologies and Devices
  • Disruptive Technologies in Freight Transport
  • Carbon Pricing and Freight
  • Direct Regulations and Standards
  • Next Steps for Research
  • Conclusion

Appendix A—Carbon-Pricing Plans by Province

Appendix B—Bibliography

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