The Value of Travel Time and Reliability: Commuting on 407 ETR

The Conference Board of Canada, 90 pages, December 10, 2013
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In this report, we examine what commuters pay to use 407 ETR relative to what they receive in return—primarily in the form of time savings and more predictable commute times.

Document Highlights

The Value of Travel Time and Reliability: Commuting on 407 ETR examines what commuters pay to use 407 ETR relative to what they receive in return—primarily in the form of time savings and more predictable commute times. To determine the extent to which 407 ETR provides time savings, and to quantify reliability of 407 ETR travel times relative to other routes, three distinct data sources were used: Global Positioning System (GPS) data; cellular networks; and a field study, composed of volunteers. The results show that 407 ETR routes offer time savings that are large while also improving the predictability of commute times. The case of 407 ETR shows that commuters are willing to pay direct charges for road use if they see a sufficient value proposition in terms of time savings and increased reliability.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Résumé

Chapter 1—Introduction

Chapter 2—Managing Traffic Flow and Quantifying Reliability

  • Introduction
  • Other Benefits
  • Chapter Summary

Chapter 3—The GTHA, 407 ETR, and Regional Development

  • The Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area
  • Description of 407 ETR
  • Residential and Commercial Development in the 407 ETR Corridor
  • The Economic Impact of 407 ETR
  • Chapter Summary

Chapter 4—Savings From Travel Time and Reliability on 407 ETR Routes

  • Description of Data and Methodology
  • Estimating Savings From Travel Time and Travel Time Reliability
  • Average Travel Time and Planning Time Savings
  • Implied Values of Travel Time
  • Summary of Individual Travel Times
  • Average Travel Time and Planning Time Savings
  • Fuel and Other Savings
  • Implied Values of Time
  • Chapter Summary

Chapter 5—Conclusion

Appendix A—Maps of Development in GTHA and 407 ETR Corridor (1991 and 2011)

Appendix B—Description of Field Study Routes

Appendix C—Bibliography

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