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Canada’s Social Performance

Canada is a “B” performer and places 10th overall on our society report card, but poor rankings relative to peer countries on income inequality and poverty highlight the scope for improvement. Ten indicators were used to evaluate the overall social performance of Canada and 15 peer countries. Canada is a middle-of-the-pack performer on most of the indicators—it gets two “A”s, five “B”s, and three “C”s.

For the first time, this year’s report card includes the provinces in the rankings. Half of the provinces score “B” grades and fall in the middle. New Brunswick is the top-ranked province, placing 10th among 26 jurisdictions, while Newfoundland and Labrador ranks last among the provinces with a “C” grade, placing ahead of France, Japan, and the United States.


Pair of bosing gloves with the American flag on them  

Succeeding in the Age of Trump

The election of Donald Trump changed the international policy environment, posing a challenge for Canadian policy-makers and business leaders. While the Trump economic agenda keeps changing and is still being fully defined, it is bound to be challenging; Canada needs an activist policy response. Canada could position itself as an open, integrating hub for global trade and investment, embrace the opportunity to modernize the North America Free Trade Agreement, and pursue new bilateral and regional free trade deals with several priority countries.

Stacks on coins increasing in height and a pill bottle  

The Costs of Treating Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an acute respiratory disease caused by either bacterial or viral infection and is most prevalent among children and the elderly. Hospitalized pneumonia costs the Canadian health care system hundreds of millions of dollars per year. As the Canadian population continues to grow and age, there are concerns about the increase in disease burden over time. Our new report estimates that the number of hospitalized cases of pneumonia will rise dramatically by 2025, doubling to a total of 49,424 from 24,761 in 2010 due to Canada’s aging population. Meanwhile, the annual total direct health care cost of treating the disease is expected to reach over $530 million by 2025.

Isreal and Canada flags  

Understanding Israel’s Innovation Success

Israel is a world innovation leader, boasting world-class innovation skills, capabilities, and performance. Israel’s experiences provide some good lessons and insights for Canada, such as the need to find our own innovation motivation, identify niche areas in global value chains, design programs and policy with firms at the centre, learn from Israel’s mistakes and missteps, and think globally. Adapting Israel’s principles, strategies, institutions, and programs to Canada’s own social, economic, and political context could help support Canada’s innovation performance.

Female pharmasist speaking to senior woman  

Expanding Pharmacy Services Could Save Billions

Pharmacists are an integral part of the health care delivered to many Canadians, and they could play an even greater role in ensuring the sustainability of the health care system if we can further capitalize on their expertise as medication experts and expand the services they provide. Changes to pharmacy legislation and standards have occurred in the provinces and territories over recent years, creating the opportunity for community pharmacists to take on an expanded role in service delivery. Canada-wide implementation of just three pharmacy services could yield cost savings between $2.5 billion and $25.7 billion over the next 20 years.

Graduate standing in front of a globe  

Quebec’s Great Potential for More International Students

International students make a real social, cultural, and economic contribution to Canada. While there are many reasons why an international student would want to study in Quebec, the province has experienced the lowest international student growth rate since 1999–2000 among all the provinces. By working more closely together, the provincial government, PSE institutes, employers, and other key stakeholders, such as economic development agencies, can better capitalize on Quebec’s strengths to reap greater benefits from international students.

Plastic heart and a syringe  

New Medication Could Reduce Burden of Heart Disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death among Canadians and is one of the main reasons for hospitalizations and disability in Canada. Cardiovascular disease prevalence and mortality represent significant costs to public governments and society due to hospitalizations, disease management, and lost productivity in Canada. A new medication for some high-risk populations could help avert hundreds of thousands of deaths due to heart disease and save up to $34.8 billion for the Canadian health care system and economy over the next 20 years.

CBoC Highlights

Dr. Hoesung Lee speaking  
Dr. Hoesung Lee, Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, discusses the consequences of the UN Paris Agreement and Marrakech Action Proclamation at Reshaping Energy 2017. Canada’s Transport Minister, the Hon. Marc Garneau, discusses Canada’s leadership role in the innovative transportation sector at our Automated Vehicles conference in Toronto.

In This Issue

  • Canada’s Social Performance
  • Succeeding in the Age of Trump
  • The Costs of Treating Pneumonia
  • Understanding Israel’s Innovation Success
  • Expanding Pharmacy Services Could Save Billions
  • Quebec’s Great Potential for More International Students
  • New Medication Could Reduce Burden of Heart Disease

Previous Issues

Keep Up to Date

Popular Reports

Provincial Outlook Economic Forecast: Winter 2017
(April 2017)

Succeeding in the Age of Trump: Refocusing Canada’s International Trade and Economic Priorities
(April 2017)

Lessons Learned From a World Innovation Leader: Understanding Israel’s Innovation Ecosystem
(March 2017)

Shaping the Canadian Low-Carbon Economy: A Discussion Paper
(March 2017)

Bringing the World to Quebec: Six Suggestions to Attract and Retain More International Students
(April 2017)

Recent Op-Eds

How to Craft a Successful Trade Policy in the Age of Trump, The Globe and Mail, April 19, 2017

A Low-Carbon Canadian Economy: How to Get There, The Globe and Mail, April 4, 2017

Latest Blogs

Enabling Employment: Post-Secondary Education Needs to Equip Students with Disabilities with Skills for the Work World

May 04, 2017

Inadequate Savings—Not Trade Deals—Account for Much of U.S. Trade Deficit

April 28, 2017

Communities and Educators Are Key Players in Realizing Canada’s Global Sustainable Development Commitments

April 25, 2017

Upcoming Events

2017 Spring Economic Outlook Seminar
May 26 | Ottawa

Value-Based Procurement and Innovation 2017: Opportunities for Improving Canada’s Health Care
May 26–30 | Vancouver

Workplace Mental Health 2017
Jun 14–15 | Toronto


Placemaking & Mobility: Creating Healthy, Sustainable Communities using Evidence-Based Healthy Built Environment Indicators
May 30 at 2:00 PM

Navigating Health Care for Children: The NaviCare/SoinsNavi Solution
May 31 at 11:00 AM

Palliative Care Matters: Fostering Change in Canadian Health Care
May 31 at 3:00 PM